Mtatsminda Pantheon (Panteoni)

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The Mtatsminda Pantheon of Writers and Public Figures is a necropolis in Tbilisi, Georgia, where some of the most prominent writers, artists, scholars, and national heroes of Georgia are buried. It is located in the churchyard around St. David’s Church “Mamadaviti” on the slope of Mount Mtatsminda (meaning: the Holy Mountain) and was officially established in 1929.

The first celebrities to be buried at this place were the Russian writer Alexander Griboyedov (1795–1829) and his Georgian wife Nino Chavchavadze (1812–1857). The Pantheon was officially opened in 1929 to celebrate a 100-year anniversary of Griboyedov’s death in Iran. Since then, several illustrious Georgians have been buried or reburied there. The Pantheon is administered by the Government of Tbilisi and is frequented by locals as well as the city’s visitors.

List of people buried at the Mtatsminda Pantheon:

Vaso Abashidze (1854–1962), Georgian theater actor and director
Veriko Anjaparidze (1897–1987), Georgian theater and movie actress
Nikoloz Baratashvili (1817–1845), Georgian romanticist poet
Vasil Barnovi (1856–1934), Georgian novelist
Nikoloz Berdzenishvili (1894–1965), Georgian historian
Vakhtang Chabukiani (1910–1992), Georgian ballet dancer
Ilia Chavchavadze (Saint Ilia the Righteous) (1837–1907), Georgian writer and public figure; and his wife Olgha Guramishvili (1842–1927)
Zakaria Chichinadze (1853–1931), Georgian historian and writer
Ekaterine (Ketevan) Geladze (1858–1937) Stalin’s mutter
Simon Chikovani (1902–1966), Georgian poet and public figure
Otar Chiladze (1933–2009), Georgian writer
Kakutsa Cholokashvili (1888–1930), Georgian national hero and fighter against the Soviet regime
Shalva Dadiani (1874–1959), Georgian playwright and actor
Nodar Dumbadze (1928–1984), Georgian writer
Davit Eristavi (1847–1890), Georgian journalist, translator and playwright
Zviad Gamsakhurdia (1939–1993), Soviet-era dissident and the first democratically elected President of Georgia
Iakob Gogebashvili (1840–1912), Georgian writer and educator
Alexander Griboyedov (1795–1829), Russian writer; and his wife Nino Chavchavadze (1812–1857)
Ioseb Grishashvili (1889–1965), Georgian writer, poet and scholar
Lado Gudiashvili (1896–1980), Georgian painter
Simon Janashia (1900–1947), Georgian historian
Mose Janashvili (1855–1934), Georgian historian
Ana Kalandadze (1924–2008), Georgian poetess
Akaki Khorava (1895–1972), Georgian actor
Leo Kiacheli (1884–1963), Georgian writer
Dimitri Kipiani (1814–1887), Georgian journalist and public figure
Davit Kldiashvili (1862–1931), Georgian writer
Merab Kostava (1939–1989), Soviet-era dissident and national hero of Georgia
Giorgi Leonidze (1899–1966), Georgian poet
Kote Marjanishvili (1872–1933), Georgian theatre director
Nikoloz Muskhelishvili (1891–1976), Georgian mathematician
Niko Nikoladze (1843–1928), Georgian journalist and public benefactor
Iakob Nikoladze (1876–1951), Georgian sculptor
Ivane Paliashvili (1868–1934), Georgian conductor
Galaktion Tabidze (1892–1959), Georgian poet
Ekvtime Takaishvili (1863–1953), Georgian historian and archaeologist
Aleksandre Tsagareli (1844–1929), Georgian linguist
Akaki Tsereteli (1840–1915), Georgian poet
Grigol Tsereteli (1870–1938), Georgian papyrologist
Anastasia Tumanishvili-Tseretlisa (1849–1932), Georgian woman writer
Vazha-Pshavela (1861–1915), Georgian poet
Ilia Vekua (1907–1977), Georgian mathematician
Sergo Zakariadze (1907–1971), Georgian actor
Solomon Dodashvili (1805–1836), Georgian philosopher, journalist, historian, grammarian, belletrist and enlightener

Text source: Wikipedia
Pictures by Aleksandrs Znovs ©

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